Geogteacher's Blog

finding, writing and sharing Geography resources


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All coasts topic revision

IMG_8274

Everything you need (apart from learning it testing yourself and revising it of course) is here. Lots of videos from the time for geography website and some revision pages too.


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The effects of leisure on a location and how people manage it

Green-Traveller-3This is what the syllabus asks you to know How urban and rural areas are used for leisure.

  • Advantages and disadvantages of leisure use for both local residents and leisure users.
  • The impacts of increasing leisure use on rural honeypots.
  • Positive and negative impacts of major sporting events on localities.
  • Study of one location where leisure use is managed and the effectiveness of the
    management strategy.

 

We have studied Lyndhurst in the New Forest as a honeypot site and the Rugby world Cup as a sports event (we also looked at the Glastonbury festival which is excellent on managing the impacts in a sustainable way.)

The information on Lyndhurst is here  lyndhurst information and here  lyndhurst new forest honeypot . The Rugby world cup was straight from the text book

The homework you were asked to do on Glastonbury is here. Glastonbury Festival homework

Use your notes and work in your exercise books as well. Break down the ideas into

1/ advantages and disadvantages of the leisure activities (ie their impacts) and you could also look at whether these are social, environmental and/or physical.

2/ How people have managed these issues. what strategies have they used to improve the situation?


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Rural to Urban Migration in LICs

Historical_global_urban_-_rural_population_trends

(image from Wikipedia)

People move to cities from the countryside in LICs for a variety of reasons. These can be split into push and pull factors

  • Push factors drive you away from a place
  • Pull factors attract you to a place

Examples of push factors (with added in extensions and chains of reasoning to explain them)
1/ Poor harvests so lack of food leads to malnourishment / early death
2/ Desertification so land is becoming less fertile harder to make profit from farming harder to feed family / malnourishment
3/ Lack of education / schools so children have to walk long distances to school remain illiterate do not get employment skills
Examples of pull factors (with added in extensions and chains of reasoning to explain them)
1/ More education opportunities / higher education so children can complete education become fully literate gain employment skills
2/ More job opportunities which may also be better paid so money can be sent back to rural families (called remittances)

Other push and pull factors include: natural disasters, modern facilities and living, poverty, war, being with family, persecution, lack of farming land

Revision Task

Categorise these factors above into push and pull and write a couple of sentences for each of them that extends and explain s them better using chains of reasoning


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Revising for the field work exam – Paper 3

Jurassic_Coast_web

You need to know, understand and skilfully use these words to be able to do well in Paper 3 of your exam; the field work paper

Key Term Meaning
Primary data collection Information you have collected yourself
Secondary data collection Information someone else collected
Qualitative data Information that is NOT expressed as numbers or numerical data, eg as present or absent, feelings, or as colours.
Quantitative data Information that is expressed in numbers
Spatial sampling Either points along a line (linear of line sampling) or using a quadrat
Random Sampling Where every person or place has an equal chance of being measured. Decisions are made using random number tables
Stratified sampling Dividing sampling into groups, eg three sites from each section of coastline, or five people from each age range. It is possible to combine stratified sampling with random or systematic sampling
Systematic sampling Collecting data in an ordered or regular way, eg every 5 metres or every fifth person.
Opportunistic sampling Where you make decisions in the field or on the day based on the conditions you find there
Accuracy of data collection Ensuring all data is collected correctly
Reliability of data collection Ensuring all data is collected consistently

 

Revision tips:

1/ What are the differences between the last two key words?

2/ What are the advantages and disadvantages of each type of sampling technique? A recent 6 mark exam question was Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of systematic sampling for collecting pedestrian flows.” So to help revise you could replace “systematic” with any of the other sampling strategies from the table and practice that as a 6 mark question.


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Global Atmospheric Circulation

bbc atmosphere

This title makes this sound a difficult topic to revise, but it isn’t. firstly, global = over the whole world, then atmospheric = to do with the atmosphere and finally, circulation = moving around. In other words its how and why the atmosphere moves around the Earth. And once you know this you can then link it to the ecosystems topic, as global atmospheric circulation controls a lot of world climates which of course influence different BIOMES. (The two biomes we studied are: semi-arid and tropical rainforest.)

Firstly remember that

Rising air cools as it rises, so it cools, water vapour will cool, clouds will form and therefore three is a HIGHER CHANCE OF PRECIPITATION IN AREAS OF LOW PRESSURE (sometimes called depressions)

Descending air warms and therefore there is no condensation and LESS CHANCE OF PRECIPITATION IN HIGH PRESSURE AREAS (sometimes called anticyclones)

Since it is hotter at the equator, air rises here and creates area of low pressure. (So there is a lot of rainfall here. This is where you get tropical rainforests.) This risen air spreads out from the equator, cools and descends around 30 degrees north and south of the equator (area of less rainfall so deserts and semi-arid biomes here). This paragraph describes the movement of the Hadley cell which you can see in this diagram; it is labelled 1.

global-atmos-circulation.png

Additionally the rest of the global circulation is very well explained by this American teacher to his class. You need only watch up to 4:00 minutes.

Once you think you understand this global circulation, test yourself and use p. 75 from the revision guide to link global atmospheric circulation to biomes. If you need some more help with this you can read p. 210-11 in New Wider world.


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Revising an HIC Global City – Sydney

 

sydney

Firstly Sydney comes in the global cities topic (along with mumbai -see this revision page) you can find the PLC and skeleton revision card for this topic on these two links global cities    global cities PLC

Here is a list of what you need to know (shortened from the PLC)

  1. Describe how migration and natural population growth have caused Sydney’s growth.
  2. Explain how the growth of Mumbai has affected the social and economic features of the city and how it has become harder to manage sustainably.
  3. Describe and evaluate the different ways that people have tried to manage these economic, social and environmental problems.

 

Mr Hunt has produced this excellent all in one basic revision resource that covers everything you need to know (but you will also need to evaluate the ways people have tried to manage Sydney’s problems). It is centred on the text book, but if you don’t have access to that you could still try to do this at home and check it when you get into a geography classroom. Link is here Sydney

This is the revision lesson presentation you will have or have already had. Following the instructions on this (you will need a copy of the text book) will help you get a complete grounding in all that you need to know. 2 Sydney revision 

This video is all about how Sydeny is trying to sustainably manage their parks and walk ways and public spaces. Watch this and write down all the sustainable benefits you can think of (people and environment remember) For top top work (grades 6-9) use this table to write your notes on sustainable management. It classifies them by the Egan wheel and would enable you to get the best marks if you could use it well in the exam. Egan and Sydney

Here is a old post with 2 videos on Sydney’s transport problems and how people have tried to manage the sustainably. There are questions I have written as well to help you notice the ‘useful stuff’.


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Revising a LIC Global City – Mumbai

mumbai

Firstly Mumbai comes in the global cities topic (along with Sydney) you can find the PLC and skeleton revision card for this topic on these two links global cities    global cities PLC

Here is a list of what you need to know (shortened from the PLC)

  1. Describe how migration and natural population growth have caused Mumbai’s growth.
  2. Explain how the growth of Mumbai has affected the social and economic features of the city and how it has become harder to manage sustainably.
  3. Describe and evaluate the different ways that people have tried to manage these economic, social and environmental problems.

 

Mr Hunt has produced this excellent all in one basic revision resource that covers everything you need to know (but you will also need to evaluate the ways people have tried to manage Mumbai’s problems). It is centred on the text book, but if you don’t have access to that you could still try to do this at home and check it when you get into a geography classroom. Mumbai Case study worksheet

This revision task goes further than the one above and is best if you are aiming for a grade 5 and above. It gives you some information that you can take notes on and then test yourself, but there are also some gaps so you have to research and find this information in your book or the text book. This (if you do test yourself on it) is a good resource to revise from. Mumbai revision notes

Here is video to show what Mumbai looks like frm the air

The first 1:53 of this is excellent on how Mumbai is a global city. The rest of it is excellent on some of the social, economic and environmental problem Mumbai faces

Finally, if you want to see the powerpoint of the lesson you were taught on this in year 10. so you could do some of the work from it (maybe slides 10-15) here it is. mumbai lessons complete 2018